The electrical current used
in Peru is 220 volts, 60 cycles, except in Arequipa, where
they use 50 cycles. You will need a transformer to
use devices designed for 110 volts. Most international
5-star hotels use 110 volt plugs. Flat-pronged,
North American, and European plugs need adapters.
Peru uses the metric system,
thus distances are measured in meters, weight in grams,
temperature in Celsius degrees and volume in liters. However,
you might notice that the only exception is that gasoline
is sold by the gallon.
Tipping is not very common
in small restaurants or food stands; however, you may
leave up to 15% if you feel it is appropriate. Often times
in more elegant restaurants, the bill will include a 10%
tip, so it is customary to tip the waiter an extra 5%
to complete 15%.
It is not necessary to tip taxi drivers, unless you consider
it so. Bargaining is very common and it is recommendable
to agree on the fare with the taxi driver before starting
the trip. Bargaining is also typical in markets and craft
stands, and asking for discounts or a price reduction
may be another alternative.
There are seven open TV
channels in Peru: among them, TNP (Peru National Television),
Red Global, América TV. Most hotels feature cable TV.
In regards to the radio, there is a much wider variety
of programs and content than television. An interesting
fact is that there are as many stations that broadcast
in Quechua as in Spanish.