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  Peru: Handbook : Health

HEALTH   

Health
Pills


Vaccinations
 

No vaccinations are required to enter Peru.

Water

Sicknesses such as cholera and typhus are still present in Peru, so it is highly recommended to drink bottled or boiled water.

Food

Food

Avoid eating food in the street; also make sure that seafood and fish are fresh, and try to eat them cooked. Because one of the specialties of Peruvian food is ‘ceviche’ (raw fish marinated in lemon juice), it is a good idea to try it in a respectable restaurant. Also, wash fruit and vegetables thoroughly with purified water, and if possible, peel them.

Sickness and Disease

Malaria:  It is a contagious illness caused by a protozoan parasite in the red blood cells, called plasmodium or Laveran Hematozoon, transmitted by the anopheles mosquito which dwells in humid, marshy areas. The sickness causes fever at regular intervals, following a rhythmic pattern (tertian or quartan fever), anemia, swelling of the spleen and a general alteration of the health. The base treatment includes quinine and synthetic products. Theoretically, in Peru, the sickness is confined to the jungle area, so if you visit these areas use a prophylactic repellant. Wear clothes covering most of the body and use repellents and mosquito nets. The mosquito that spreads the sickness is not found over 2,500 meters (8,200 ft.) above sea level.

AIDS: The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a sickness caused by the HIV virus (human immunodeficiency virus), that severely alters the infected person’s immune system which is in charge of protecting the body against infectious agents. This alteration prevents the immune system from fulfilling its normal function, allowing microorganisms to enter and cause serious infections in the body, opportunist infections, and serious malignant diseases. It is a contagious illness, that may be transmitted from one person to another through different means: sexual intercourse, through contaminated blood (transfusions, infected syringes) and from mother to son (in the delivery or through breastfeeding).
It is true that the number of infected people has risen in Peru, but this increase belongs mainly to the highest risk groups: homosexuals and drug addicts.

Yellow Fever: It is an acute infection caused by a virus that can vary in its risk level, and is characterized by a sudden onset, fever, relatively slow pulse and headaches. The presence of an intense albuminuria, jaundice and hemorrhages, especially upper gastrointestinal bleeding, is frequent. The infection is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes Aegypti mosquito, and in the jungle by the Haemagogos mosquito. The incubation period lasts from 3 to 6 days, and normally there are no initial symptoms.

Chagas Disease: It is a sickness transmitted by a vector insect, the "kissing bug" (triatomine). This insect carries a microbe in it's blood that acts as a parasite moving in a cyclic pattern between the blood and the cells of the organism. The "kissing bug" only feeds on human and animal blood, and it transmits the microbe through its fecal waste, which is eliminated immediately after stinging. The person affected by the Chagas disease will have acquired a chronic illness that may cause death.

Health care facilities in Lima

Institution

Address

Phone
Clinica Maison de Sante 208-222 Miguel Aljovin Jr, Lima 428-3000
Clinica El Golf 1030 Aurelio Miro Quesada Ave, San Isidro 264-3206
Clinica San Borja 385 Guardia Civil Ave, San Borja 475-4000
Clinica San Felipe 650 Gregorio Escobedo Ave, Jesús María 463-0909
Clinica Montesur 505 El Polo Ave, Monterrico, Surco 436-3630
Clinica Santa Mónica 2449 Arequipa Ave, Lince 441-6206

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