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  Peru: Handbook : Climate and Weather

CLIMATE AND WEATHER    

Climate and weather


Current Conditions in Lima

For a weather forecast in Lima, visit The Weather Channel:

Andahuaylas
Arequipa
Cajamarca
Chachapoyas
Chiclayo
Chimbote
Chincha Alta
Cusco
Ica
Iquitos
Lima
Moquegua
Nazca
Pimentel
Pisco
Piura
Pucallpa
Puerto Maldonado
Puno
Tacna
Tarapoto
Tingo Maria
Trujillo
Tumbes

General Characteristics

According to its geographical location, (tropical region of the southern hemisphere), Peru should have a warm, humid and rainy climate; however; the presence of the Andes Mountain Range, the anticyclonic circulation of the South Pacific, and the cold Humbolt current have shaped the environmental conditions, creating a signifcant variety of climates.

It almost never rains on the coast, characterized by thick fogs and light drizzle between May and November, producing a cold sensation although the average annual temperature fluctuates between 14ēC and 18ēC (57°F and 64°F).   In the summer (December-April), humidity decreases and the sun shines brightly.

Both in the sierra and in the jungle there is a dry season (May-October), plenty of sunny days, and a rainy season between December and March (winter). While the sierra has a fresh and dry climate with annual average temperatures fluctuating between 9ēC and 18ēC (48°F and 64°F), the jungle has a tropical climate with temperatures oscillating between 26ēC and 40ēC (79°F and 104°F).

The climate In the Andean valleys is generally dry and warm almost all year long, with some rain during the summer.

Temperature and Precipitation

The average temperature and rainfall in the main cities is indicated below:

  Temperatures
(Min - Max)
Precipitation
(Min - Max)
Arequipa 7° C - 21° C 0 mm - 40 mm
Cuzco 0° C - 21° C 0.5 mm - 145 mm
Iquitos 20°C - 32°C 160 mm - 300 mm
Lima 15°C - 27°C 0 mm - 20 mm

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