Reservations

Hotels Packages Domestic Flights Rent a Car
 
Handbook Destinations Guides Books Links Transportation  
     Español
 Handbook
 Basic Data
 Transport
 Visas/Consulates
 Money/Currency
 Communications
 Business Info
 Time/Date
 Health
 Airports/Customs
 Basic Services
 Security
 Climate
 Lima Map
 
 Links
 
 Books
 

  Peru: Handbook : Basic Data

HANDBOOK

General information General Information Communications Communications Airports and customs Airports & Customs
Transport Transportation Business information Business Info Basic services Basic Services
Money Money & Currency Time and date Time & Date Security Security
Visas &  consulates Visas & Consulates Health Health Climate Climate

BASIC DATA   

Basic Data

General Information

Peru is located in the central and western part of South America. Its neighbors to the north are Ecuador and Colombia; Brazil and Bolivia to the east; Chile to the south and the Pacific Ocean along the west coast.   It covers a surface area of 1,285,215.6 square kilometers (803,259 sq. miles), distributed as follows: 12% of the land is coastal, 28% in the sierra, and 60% in the jungle.

Peruvian

The population boasts nearly 24 million inhabitants with 7 million concentrated in the city of Lima.   The Peruvian population is primarily mixed, with a notable indigenous minority that lives mainly in the Andean south and the Amazon.

Politically, Peru is divided into 24 districts, subdivided into 194 provinces and a constitutional province, which is El Callao (the main Peruvian port). Furthermore, the territory is divided into 13 regions, including provinces of one or more districts.

There are two official languages in Peru: Spanish and Quechua which is spoken by 24% of the population. Most of the people who speak Quechua are bilingual, with Spanish as their second language. In addition, there are 55 other Amazon languages in the country, apart from the Aymara, spoken in the high plateaus.

Most of the population is Roman Catholic (80%), the official religion of Peru; however, there is freedom of religion.

The City of Lima

Lima

The city of Lima is located on the west coast, along the outlet of the Rímac river. It is divided into 49 districts and it is Peru's largest city: 30% of the population lives there (more than 6 million inhabitants), most of them having emigrated from the provinces. Therefore, it is an overcrowded city, fairly chaotic, and full of contrasts. At every corner you bump into the traditional characteristics of an agricultural society contrasting with the modernity imposed by the market economy.

Lima Map

Spanish Language

Since Spanish is the official language, Peru is the perfect country to learn how to speak. You can find Spanish language schools in Lima and other cities.

  • El Sol Spanish School is located in the city of Lima along a residential street, a few blocks from the heart of Miraflores. More information here.
  • You can also learn Spanish on line. Visit www.spanishprograms.com (Learn Spanish)

Recommend Feedback

HOME | Hotels | Tours | Flights | Cars | Handbook | Destinations | Books | Links

Argentina
Argentina
Bolivia
Bolivia
Chile
Chile
Perú
Perú

Contact us by email at webadmin@gotolatin.com
Legal information. Privacy Policies. Copyright (C) 2000 GOTOLATIN.COM (TM)
If we have inadvertently included other copyrighted material in this site, please contact webadmin@gotolatin.com