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  Peru : Park Guide : Titicaca

 

Titicaca National Reserve

   
Reserva Nac. del Titicaca

The Titicaca National Reserve was established October 31, 1978 by means of the Supreme Law # 185-78-AA. It is located in the Puno region, the provinces of Huancané and Puno. It spans across an area of 36,180 hectares and contains 2 sectors: the Ramis sector, in the Huancané province (7,030 hectares) and the Puno sector in the same province (29,150 hectares).

The birds (both migratory and residents) make up the most attractive fauna in the zone. There are more than 60 species found, among those that stand out are the zambullidor del Titicaca (Centropelma micropterum), the Puna Ibis (Plegadis ridgwayi), the neotropic cormorant (Phalacrocorax olivaceus) and the heron (Phleocryptes melanops). Among those which represent the resident families exist ducks (Anatidae) and rails (Rallidae), while you can find plovers (Charadriidae), sandpipers (Scolopacidae) and flamingos (Phoenicopte-ridae) from the migratory families. There are up to 190,000 registered individuals (R.N.P.census 1998)

There exist 4 different families of fish from the genus Orestias. From these there are 40 types of species. Of these we can mention the native species like killfish (Orestias spp.) and suche (Trychomicterus rivulatum). The species that were introduced to the environment are the rainbow trout and the stream trout (Oncorhynchus mikkis) as well as the peje-rrey (Basilichthys bonaerensis), all them are utilized by the locals as a source of protein. 

Among the amphibians, there are 18 native species. Those that stand out are the giant frog of Titicaca, the aquatic frog (Telmatobius ssp.) or the common frog (Bufo spinulosus).
In the reserve exist some threatened species like the Chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis), the puna flamingo (Phoenicoparrus jamesi) and the Andean flamingo (Phoenicoparrus andinus).

There are only a few mammal species existing in the reserve; predominantly rodents, such as the  vizcacha (Lagidium peruanum), the montane guinea pig (Cavia tschudii) and the culpeo fox (Pseudalopex culpaeus).

The vegetation of the lake is sorted by amphibians, submerged and floating, and composes one of the principle elements of the cycle of the ecosystem. It's flora is represented by 12 varieties of aquatic plants including; the cattail (Schoenoplectus totora), the whitestem pondweed (Elodea potamogeton), the duckweed (Lemna sp.) the muskgrass (Chara sp.) The reserve also contains up to 64 genus of riverside flora.

The principle objectives of the reserve are: conservation of the flora, fauna and beautiful scenery of Lake Titicaca; preservation of the natural resorces like the cattail, which is home to a great diversity of species; support the socio-economical development of the neighboring locals by means of racional utilization of the wild flora and fauna; and encourage local tourism without disturbing the cultural traditions of the people who inhabit the area. 

Location
The Puno Region
How to Get There
Lima-Puno: regular flights
When to Go
Between April and October
Other Close Attractions
Puno,  Taquile Island, Juliaca, Lake Umayo.
Activities
Photography, wild life observation, cultural observation
Climate
The Titicaca weather is extreme, with great temperature variations between the day and night. The idea time period to visit is between May and October, when the days are sunny, rain is rare and the daily temperature reaches   25° C. On the other hand, the nights are cold (although it almost never reaches beolw  0° C). We recommend that you bring sun block, a jacket andtake precautions against altitude sickness.
Prices
Adult: daily PEN 5,00 (in USD), for three days PEN 10,00 (in USD)
Child: daily PEN 1,5 (in USD), for three days PEN 4,00 (in USD)
 


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