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  Peru : Parks Guide : Inrena



The General Director of Protected Natural Areas is the medium in charge of the appropriate measures of the Protected Natural Areas that form the SINANPE, and the supervision of those that are not a part of this system, including the Amortiguamiento Zones. The function to administer and control (protecting different ecosystems of complex and dispersed natural Peruvian means) assures the survival of the untouched nature as a unique sample of a natural lesson to future generations.

Peru is one of the ten countries which contain the greatest biological diversity in the world; due to playing a predominate roll in the conservation of its natural resources.  From there,  the National System of the Protected Natural Areas by the State (SINANPE), has special global importance and grants particular responsibility to the Peruvians.

But it is not only for these reasons that the existence of these protected natural areas should be guaranteed. The concept of Protected Natural Areas (PNA) has been enriched over time, each time incorporating more of the excellent protective criteria  which gave it origin, that which promotes sustainable national development. 

The ANP generate environmental, social and economic benefits of local and national disposition, diversifying the possibilities of the use of natural protected spaces without compromising it's fundamental aim of conserving the biological diversity and it's associated resources; like legacies for present and future generations.

During the most recent years, they have developed diverse fundamental actions to assist in the development of the system, those which stand out are listed below:

  • Significant increase in the amount of public investment and the allowed budget for the PNA (although it still turns out to be insufficient). 
  • Creation and putting into operation the National Fund for the Natural Protected Areas, administered by the PROFONANPE, a legal entity made up of a mixed composition of it's Directive Counsel (governmental sector, non-governmental and international cooperation agencies) 
  • Elaboration of a Strategy of the National System of Protected Areas of Peru, (SINANPE), following an ample consultation and participation process, which gathers the concepts and the proposals that are of greater interest at the present time for the management of the areas.
  • The execution of diverse initiatives under the perspective of integrated projects of conservation and development in diverse protected areas, like the Manu National Park, Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, Yanachaga-Chemillen National Park, Huascaran National Park and Bahuaja Sonene National Park.
  • Formulation of master plans and management plans which incorporate in greater measurement the "external dimension". This includes the formulation process of the planning documents, which consists of participation and consultation with the involved social actors.
  • Initiation of a formulation process of a diagnosis or identification of necessary capacities for all people and sectors tied to the national system of PNA. 
  • Establishment of the National Program of Conservation and Sustained Development of Peruvian Wetlands formed by institutions of the public and  private sector, international cooperation and the university.  Several of there actions are related to protected natural areas that include wetlands.
  • Presence of an effective administration in the field, in a major number of natural protected areas of the country, since 1995.

National System of Protected Natural Areas by the State (Sinanpe)

The conception of a system of  protected natural areas requires that the component elements are put in an order which allows them to function and interact organically. The system has a physical environment as it's base, formed by the biotic and abiotic components of the protected natural areas. To complement the physical environment there is the social component. Integrated by diverse actors-   central administration, regional governments, ONG, base organizations, technical cooperation agencies, etc. - that relate to the areas.

This group of physical and social components and the relation between the two, form the SINANPE. In order to operate, the system must recognize the following elements:

Physical component, is the set of protected natural areas in any of the established categories of management.

Social component, composed of the diverse actors such as the civil community as well as the public administration; they are both involved with the development of the ANP.

Legal body which sustains it, is the group of specific and general norms that protect the natural patrimony and regulate the use of its resources. It encourages the participation of civil society, local, national and international communities while establishing sanctions to the offenders, among other functions. 

Elements of interaction, such as means of communication and the mechanisms of inter-sectorial and inter-organizational coordination. 

General Objective 

El SINANPE has the objective of contributing to the sustainable development of the country, through the conservation of a representative sample of the biological diversity by means of effective management of the protected natural areas, guaranteeing the support of it's environmental, social and economical benefits to the society.

The strategic objectives are:

  • Consolidating management mechanisms and the interi-nstitutional coordination within  national, regional and local boundaries.
  • Consolidating the characteristics of the institution of SINANPE, particularly the responsible national authority.
  • To consolidate the legal base of SINANPE.
  • To assure the necessary financing for the development of the system .
  • To provide the system with adequate human resources.
  • To consolidate the technical bases and the information for management  of SINANPE and the administration of the PNA.
  • Developing mutually beneficial relations between local towns and the PNA. 
  • Promote public awareness of the link between the PNA and the national development.

Institutional Setting

The identification of the different agents that interact with in the system, as well as the definition of the responsibilities and the fundamental roles that each one should carry out, is essential for it's adequate functioning.  The action of the different identified agents, performed in a coordinated and mutually complementary way, is necessary to continue its support for the PNA and stay consistent with the stated principles for its management.

The public function in relation with the PNA is specially defined as far as its responsibility of management, conduction and administration of SINANPE. According to the Law 26834, INRENA is in charge of the formulation, implementation, follow-up and evaluation of the Natural Strategy for the Protected Natural Protected Areas (PNA) by the State - Plan Director by means of participative processes. 

For more information visit the Inrena site.

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