NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF NATURAL
The General Director of Protected Natural Areas is the
medium in charge of the appropriate measures of the Protected Natural Areas that
form the SINANPE,
and the supervision of those that are not a part of this system,
including the Amortiguamiento Zones. The function to administer and
control (protecting different ecosystems of complex and dispersed
natural Peruvian means) assures the survival of the untouched nature
as a unique sample of a natural lesson to future generations.
Peru is one of the ten countries which contain the greatest
biological diversity in the world; due to playing a predominate roll
conservation of its natural resources. From there, the National
System of the Protected Natural Areas by the State (SINANPE), has
special global importance and grants particular responsibility
to the Peruvians.
But it is not only for these reasons that the existence of these
protected natural areas should be guaranteed. The concept of Protected
Natural Areas (PNA) has been enriched over time, each time
more of the excellent protective criteria which gave it
origin, that which promotes sustainable national development.
The ANP generate environmental, social and economic benefits of
local and national disposition, diversifying the possibilities of
the use of natural protected spaces without compromising it's
fundamental aim of conserving the biological diversity and it's
associated resources; like legacies for present and future
During the most recent years, they have developed diverse fundamental
actions to assist in the development of the system, those which
stand out are listed below:
- Significant increase in the
amount of public investment and the allowed budget for the PNA (although it still turns out to be
- Creation and putting into
operation the National Fund for the Natural Protected Areas,
administered by the PROFONANPE, a legal entity made up of a
mixed composition of it's Directive Counsel (governmental
sector, non-governmental and international cooperation agencies)
- Elaboration of a Strategy of
the National System of Protected Areas of Peru, (SINANPE),
following an ample consultation and participation process, which
gathers the concepts and the proposals that are of greater
interest at the present time for the management of the areas.
- The execution of diverse
initiatives under the perspective of integrated projects of conservation and development in diverse
protected areas, like the Manu National Park, Pacaya-Samiria
National Reserve, Yanachaga-Chemillen National Park, Huascaran
National Park and Bahuaja Sonene National Park.
- Formulation of master plans
and management plans which incorporate in greater measurement the
"external dimension". This includes the formulation
process of the planning documents, which consists of
participation and consultation with the involved social actors.
- Initiation of a formulation
process of a diagnosis or identification of necessary capacities
for all people and sectors tied to the national system of PNA.
- Establishment of the National
Program of Conservation and Sustained Development of Peruvian
Wetlands formed by institutions of the public and private
sector, international cooperation
and the university. Several of there
actions are related to protected natural areas that include
- Presence of an effective
administration in the field, in a major number of natural
protected areas of the country, since 1995.
National System of Protected Natural Areas by
the State (Sinanpe)
The conception of a system of protected natural areas
requires that the component elements are put in an order which
allows them to function and interact organically. The system has a
physical environment as it's base, formed by the biotic and abiotic
components of the protected natural areas. To complement the
physical environment there is the social component. Integrated by
diverse actors- central administration, regional governments,
ONG, base organizations, technical cooperation agencies, etc. - that
relate to the areas.
This group of physical and social components and the relation
between the two, form the SINANPE. In order to operate, the
system must recognize the following elements:
Physical component, is the set of protected natural areas in any
of the established categories of management.
Social component, composed of the diverse actors such as the civil
community as well as the public administration; they are both involved with the
development of the ANP.
Legal body which sustains it, is the group of
specific and general norms that protect the natural patrimony
and regulate the use of its resources. It encourages the participation
of civil society, local, national and international communities
sanctions to the offenders, among other functions.
Elements of interaction, such as means of communication and the
mechanisms of inter-sectorial and inter-organizational
El SINANPE has the objective of contributing to the sustainable
development of the country, through the conservation of a
representative sample of the biological diversity by means of
effective management of the protected natural areas, guaranteeing
the support of it's environmental, social and economical benefits to
The strategic objectives are:
- Consolidating management mechanisms
and the interi-nstitutional coordination within national,
regional and local boundaries.
- Consolidating the
characteristics of the institution of SINANPE, particularly the
responsible national authority.
- To consolidate the legal base
- To assure the necessary
financing for the development of the system .
- To provide the system with
adequate human resources.
- To consolidate the technical
bases and the information for management of SINANPE
and the administration of the PNA.
- Developing mutually beneficial
relations between local towns and the PNA.
- Promote public awareness of
the link between the PNA and the national development.
The identification of the different agents that interact with in
the system, as well as the definition of the responsibilities and
the fundamental roles that each one should carry out, is essential
for it's adequate functioning. The action of the different
identified agents, performed in a coordinated
and mutually complementary way, is necessary to continue its support for the
PNA and stay consistent with the stated principles for
The public function in relation with the PNA is specially defined
as far as its responsibility of management, conduction and
administration of SINANPE. According to the Law 26834, INRENA is in
charge of the formulation, implementation, follow-up and evaluation
of the Natural Strategy for the Protected Natural Protected Areas
(PNA) by the
State - Plan Director by means of participative processes.
For more information visit the Inrena