I. National Park
A generally extensive area, where diverse unique environments or
representation of diverse natural biology of the country is not
significantly altered by human actions or use of autos and that the species of flora and fauna or the geological formations
are of special interest; educational, scientific or recreational.
The objectives of the park are the preservation of natural
environment samples, (of cultural and scenic traits associated to
them), the continuity of the evolutional processes and the realization of
educational, investigation and recreational activities.
- Cerros de Amotape
- Cordillera Azul
- Abiseo River
- Tingo María
The National Reserves are areas of protection intended for
conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of
resources like wild flora and fauna, aquatic or terrestrial.
Among the reserves commercial exploitation of the natural resources is
permitted under approved management plans. They are supervised
and controlled by competent national authorities.
4 national reserves exist that occupy an area of 3,221,376 hectares,
equivalent to 2.51% of national territory.
- Lomas de Lachay
- Pacaya - Samiria
- Pampa Galeras-Bárbara
and Aguada Blanca
III. National Sanctuary
Nowadays in Peru there are six National Sanctuaries that include
a total area of 48,113,10 hectares, which represents 0.037% of the
The National Sanctuaries are protected areas of intangible
character. Within them are the protected habitats of a specie or a community of
flora and fauna, as well as the natural formations of scientific interest.
- Mejía Lagoons
- Tabaconas - Namballe
It covers an area of 41,279,38 hectares that represents
of the national territory. The Historical Sanctuaries are areas
which protect with intangible
character, the spaces of relevant natural value. It consists of an environment
of special national
significance due to it's samples of the monumental and archeological
patrimony and for being a place where historical developments were
- Pomac Forest
- Pampa de Ayacucho
- Machu Picchu
In actuality there have been fifteen Reserved Zones created that
cover a total area of 7,849,583,71 hectares, which represents 6.11 %
of the national territory.
The Reserved Zones are areas that bring together all of the
conditions necessary to be considered Naturally Protected Areas.
complementary studies to determine, among other things, the extension and category that
they will correspond to.
- Algarrobal El Moro
- Allpahuayo Mishana
- Alto Purús
- Aymara - Lupaca
- Colán Cordillera
- Pantanos de Villa
- Rímac River
- Santiago Comaina
At the present time six Protected Forests exist that cover a surface
of 38,998,699 hectares that represent 0.3 % of the national territory.
The Protected Forest areas that are established with the
intention of guaranteeing the protection of the high watersheds or
river basins, the banks of the rivers and other paths of water and
in general, to protect the fragile lands, that therefore require
it. Among the land it is permitted to use the resources and
develop activities which will not put the vegetation at risk.
- Aledaño a la Bocatoma del Canal Nuevo Imperial
- Alto Mayo
- Pui Pui
- Puquio Santa Rosa
- San Matías San Carlos
The Communal Reserves are areas intended for conservation of the
wild flora and fauna, to benefit the rural neighboring towns. The
use and commercialization of resources is done under management
plans, approved and supervised by competent authorities and
conducted by the same beneficiaries. They can be established
on grounds of capacity of greater agricultural, cattle, forestry or
protection and over wetlands.
The country contains two Communal Reserves that occupy an area
of 65,115,811 hectares, which represent 0.51% of the national territory.
- The Sira
They are areas that protect environments, whose geographic
integrity shows a harmonious relationship between man and nature,
sheltering important natural, esthetic and cultural values.
Scientific, recreational and tourist use of the landscape is permitted.
The modifications to the activities and traditional practices as
well as the use of the non renewable resources, require specific
authorization and careful monitoring. The activities which could
make notable changes in the characteristics of the landscape and
values of the area are excluded. The establishment and management of
these areas, the participation of the government and local towns are
New townships of dwellers are only permitted when the zoning and
the planning of the area therefore anticipate it.
The country contains a Landscape Reserve that occupies an area
of 22,126,848 hectares, which represent 0.17% of the national
- Nor Yauyos - Cochas
Enclosed Hunting Land
Nowadays the country has two Enclosed Hunting Lands that
cover a surface of 124,735 hectares, which represent 0.1% of the
They are areas intended for exploitation of the wild fauna through
the regulated practice of sport hunting.
- The Angolo