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  Peru : Park Guides : Pampa Galeras

 

Pampa Galeras-Barbara D'Achille National Reserve

   
Reserva Nac. de Junín

This reserve was created in 1967  with the name of  Pampa Galeras, however it was modified to  Pampa Galeras-Bárbara D´Achille in 1993, in memory of the journalist who wrote the ecological page for El Comercio newspaper. 

This reserve, located in the Ayacucho region between 3,800 and 5,000 meters above sea level, has a surface area of 6,500 hectares. The plateau spans an area of 75 thousand hectares, encompassing the country community of Lucanas. 

The management of the reserve's fauna was initiated in 1965, and after a long 30 years of constant work, they succeeded in recuperating the vicuña population. The restoration had been possible by means of  hunting restrictions, the prohibition of international business pertaining to the vicuña, and the obtainment of technical and financial assistance to drive these actions. 

The characteristic vegetation of the Reserve is straw, formed by various species of Poaceae like Fescue (Festuca sp.), Peruvian Feather Grass (Stipa ichu) and Calamagrostis sp. These plants grow in big groups dispersed between the predominating shrub-like species, such as the tola (Lepidophyllum quadrangulare) and the butterweed (Senecio sp.). Along the rocky valleys it is possible to find  queñual (Polylepis sp.) and the butterfly bush (Buddleja sp.).

On the other hand, the Puya Raimondi is a plant that reaches 12 meters in height, blooms every 100 years and flaunts a grand arrangement containing 6 thousand flowers.

The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) is the most abundant and representative specie in the Pampa Galeras, and therefore it's protection and conservation motivated the creation of the reserve. Another important specie found here is the guanaco (Lama guanicoe), one of the Camelidae like the vicuña which is found in it's wild state. Other mammals found in the reserve are: que al igual que la vicuña es uno de los camélidos sudamericanos que se encuentran en estado silvestre. Otros mamíferos presentes en la Reserva son: the Culpeo (Pseudalopex culpaeus), the vizcacha (Lagidium peruanum), the guemal (Hippocamelus antisensis), the South American opossum (Didelphis marsupialis) and the long-tailed weasel (Mustela frenata).

The bird which gets the most attention for it's grand wingspan is the Andean condor (Vultur gryphus). It is also possible to observe other species like the ornate tinamou (Nothoprocta ornata) and the puna tinamou (Tinamotis pentlandii). In the aquatic areas, those which stand out are the yellow-billed pintail (Anas georgica) and the speckled teal (Anas flavirostris).

The principle objective of the Pampa Galeras-Barbara D'Achille National Reserve is to protect the vicuña and promote the communal development by means of sustainable management of this resource. 

Location
 Ayacucho region.  83 km. to the east of Nazca 
How to Get There 
Take the asphalt highway from Nazca to Puquio.
When to Go
Between May and October
Other Close Attractions 
Puquio.
Activities
Photography, wild life observation
Climate
Typical of the higher Andes, with a rainy season between December and March and a dry season, mistakenly known as summer, between May and October. Due to it's altitude (3,800 meters above sea level), the nights in Pampa Galeras are extremely cold, and at times the temperature reaches below  0° C.
Services
No tourist services are available inside the reserve.
Prices
Adult: daily PEN 5,00 (in USD), for three days PEN 10,00 (in USD)
Child: daily PEN 1,5 (in USD), for three days PEN 4,00 (in USD)
 


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