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  Peru : Park Guides : Pacaya Samiria


Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve

Reserva Nac. Pacaya-Samiria

The Pacaya-Samiria National Resrve was established February 4, 1982 by means of the Supreme Law #  016-82-AG.

This National Reserve is located in the Loreta region, in the Provinces of Loreta, Requena, Ucayali and Alto Amazonas. It has a surface area of   2,080,000 hectares and due to it's size it is the largest in the country, the second largest in the Amazon, and the fourth in South America. It's central position in the Peruvian Amazon, as well as it's great expansion assure conservation of representative samples of the tropical humid forests ecosystems and supports investigations of the wild flora and fauna ( land and water). 

The fauna of the reserve is abundant and diverse. The number of mammal species reaches 132 species, those which stand out are the rodents and monkeys. There are 330 bird species registered, 23 of them are migratory, corresponding to 17% of all birds reported for the country. The reptiles and amphibians are estimated to be more than 150 species grouped into 20 families and they have reports of the existence of 220 fish species. 

The aquatic fauna is the most important resource of the reserve,  among the fish are the Pirarucu (Arapaima gigas), known for their great size and quality of their meat. Also, found here are the Giant South American Turtle (Podocnemis expansa), the Amazon Ox Manatee  (Trichechus inunguis), the Amazon River Dolphin (Inia geoffrensis) and the Tucuxi or River Dolphin (Sotalia fluviatilis).

In the reserve they protect 4 species which are in danger of extinction: En la Reserva se protegen cuatro especies en peligro de extinción: the black spider monkey (Ateles paniscus), the yellow-chested  spider monkey (Ateles beltzebuth), the woolly monkey (Lagothrix lagotricha) and the Giant Otter (Pteronura brasiliensis).

The vegetation is one of the most diverse among the tropical humid forest. Until now, they have determined 847 species, which are grouped into 118 families; of these 22 are orchids. The palm trees occupy a great area of the reserve, the majority of them being the specie morete palm (Mauritia flexuosa). 

Among the timber-yielding and economically important trees you can find: the spanish cedar (cedrella odorata), the quinine bark (Cinchona officinalis), the mahogany tree (Maena Capimori), the cacao (Theobroma cacao), the chuchuhuasa (Noxythece sp.), the  hormiga caspi (Durdia eriophila), the  huairuro (Ormosia amazonica), the white dragon (Chorisia insignis) and the el machín sapote (Quararibea bicolor).

The principle objectives of the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve are: conservation of the representative ecosystems of the lower jungle of the Peruvian Amazon, preserving it's genetic diversity, supporting the research on the wild flora and fauna of the land and water, assuring adequate handling; especially of the species which are threatened and those of use now and of potential use, to facilitate the socioeconomic development of the surrounding towns by means of rational utilization of the wild fauna and flora as well as encouraging local tourism.

Loreta Region
How to Get There
By means of the Amazon River, from Iquitos to the juncture of the Marañón and Ucayali Rivers.
When to Go
Between May and October
Other Close Attractions
Iquitos, Requena.
Photography, wild life observation,  cultural observation.
Typical tropical weather: warm and humid, with temperatures that usually reach above 34° C. There is a dry period or a "summer" between May and October, as well as a season of strong rains, between December and March.
There are services available for tourists inside the park.
Adult: daily PEN 5,00 (in USD), for three days PEN 10,00 (in  USD)
Child: daily PEN 1,5 (in USD), for three days PEN 4,00 (in  USD)

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