The National Park of Manu was established May 29, 1973 by Supreme
Law # 0644-73-AG. It is located in the region of Cusco
and Madre de Dios.
The National Park was recognized as a Natural Patrimony of
Humanity in 1987, and as the central zone of a Biosphere Reserve by
UNESCO in 1977.
The National Park of Manu has a surface area of 171,629,522
hectares and represents a part of the immense biological diversity
which exists in the Amazon. Due to a variation of altitudes, from
200 to 4,000 meters above sea level, it possesses almost all of the
subtropical ecological formations of western Perú. Among this
immense stretch of land exists species and ecosystems of great
Close to the rivers, one can find characteristic trees such as,
the cetico (Cecropia sp.) and the balsa (Ochroma sp). Also, you can
find trees like, the cedar (Cedrela sp.), the tornillo (Cedrelinga catenaeformis),
the Brasil Nut (Bertholletia excelsa), the bombacaceae (Chorisia sp.)
and the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis), among others, which form
mosaics of the tropical humid forest.
This park protects a great variety of animal species: more than
800 species of birds and 200 mammals (among them you can find more
than 100 species of bats). There are more than 120 species of fish
and an abundance of reptiles which inhabit the area. In addition to
the aforementioned, there exist more than a thousand insects and
invertebrata. In this region you can observe birds which are
difficult to find in other locations of the jungle, such as the
harpy eagle (Harpia
harpyja), the jabiru stork (Jabiru mycteria) and the roseata
spoonbill (Ajaia ajaja). Along the edge of the river, in the
branches of the trees, you will find the muscovy duck (Cairina
moschata). In addition, you will find wild fauna like the
Orinoco Goose, the Andean Cock of the Rock (Rupicola
peruviana), the Woolly Monkey (Lagothrix lagotricha), the Black
Spider Monkey (Ateles paniscus), the Giant Otter (Pteronura
brasiliensis), the jaguar (Panthera onça), the Ocelot (Leopardus
pardalis), the Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus) and the North
Andean Guemal (Hippocamelus
This region is home to more than just unique fauna and flora and
breathtaking views. Along the outskirts live populations of more
than 30 country communities who maintain their native language of
quechua. Also, there are native Amazonian populations occupying the
area such as the Matsiguenka,
Amahuaca, Yine, Amarakaeri, Huachipaire, Mashco-Piros and Nahua.
For those interested in archeological remains, you can find those
which have not been studied as well as those which are well known,
such as the Petroglifos de Pusharo, in the region of the Palotoa
River and the Ruinas de Mameria.
Among the objectives of the creation of the National Park, is
the conservation of a representative sample of the biological
diversity of the tropical jungle in southeast Perú. Thus,
contributing to the regional development by means of researching and
monitoring the environmental parameters.
Meanwhile, they are looking to develop anthropological programs
related to the settled communities of the park.
Cusco and Madre de Dios. 1400 km from Lima.
How to Get There
It is necessary to contract services from the authorized
agencies which bring you there.
When to Go
From the middle of May to the end of October
Other Surrounding Attractions
Mountain, rivers and streams, waterfalls, flora and fauna,
Hiking, observation of
flora and fauna, climbing.
Typical tropical climate.
Lodging, food, transportation.
Adult: daily PEN 5,00 (in
USD), for three days PEN 10,00 (in
Child: daily PEN 1,5 (in
USD), for three days PEN 4,00 (in