This sanctuary was created March 2, 1988, due to it's
importance as the only swamp forest in Perú. It extends for 2,972
hectares and is situated in the Zarumilla province, of the Tumbes
The swamp forests prosper in the hot zones close to Ecuador,
where the salt water of the ocean and the sweet water of the
rivers meet. They are considered one of the most productive
ecosystems on the planet. Not only does it provide firewood, but it
has also been a natural barrier against the erosion that produces
the waves and tides. In addition, it produces an enormous
quantity of sediments and organic material which is taken from the
land to the ocean.
On the other hand, the swamps are home to a diversity of wild
fauna and a place of reproduction of many species of
Crustaceae, birds, fish and mammals.
The community of the swamps of Tumbes are classified by four
species: the red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle), the black mangrove
(Avicennia germinans), the white mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa),
and the button mangrove (Conocarpus erectus).
Among the aquatic fauna, exist 33 snail (shell) species, 34
Crustaceae, 24 Mollusca with shells and 105 fish which are the
resources that the fisherman use to feed the local population.
These marshes also are a refuge for the American Crocodile (Crocodylus
acutus), a specie which is on it's way to extinction.
This zone harbors numerous species of birds, for example, the
heron and the magnificent frigatebird (Fregata magnificens), among
others. Among the mammals, the swamp bear and the crab eating
raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus) can be found.
The access to the sanctuary is restricted and is found under the
care of the Marina de Guerra of Perú.
Region of Tumbes. 24 kilometers northeast of the city of
How to Get There
To the Manglares de Tumbes National Sanctuary, arrive by the Panamericana
highway which travels longitudinally along the coast of the
country and that passes through the city of Tumbes, located
1,246 km north of the capital of the republic. From the city
of Tumbes until the height of the city of Zarumilla (20km)
from where you begin on the road for carriages. Here you drive
until the place known as El Algarrobo (9 km), where the
control post of the INRENA is located.
When to Go
Between April and November
Other Close Attractions
Puerto Pizarro, Aguas Verdes
Photography, wild life observation, trekking.
Tropical and sunny most of the year, an average annual
temperature of 25° C. Sporadic rainfall between December
Numerous boats giving guided trips.
Adult: dailyPEN 5,00 (in
USD), for three days PEN 10,00 (inUSD)
Child: daily PEN 1,5 (in
USD), for three days PEN 4,00 (in