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  Peru : Park Guides : Junin

Junin National Reserve

   
Reserva Nac. de Junín

The Junín National Reserve is located in  Junín plains or the Bombón plateau, 4,100 meters above sea level and has an expansion of 53,000 hectares, between the regions of Junín (districts of  Carhuamayo, Ondores and Junín, in the Junín Province) and Pasco (districts of Ninacaca and Vicco in the Province of Cerro de Pasco).

The Junín Lake, also known as  Chinchaycocha, is the second oldest lake of Perú after Titicaca and occupies a large area of the reserve, which contains great expansions of marshes, patches of cattails and open waters where 10,000 aquatic birds, wild guinea pig, and Andean cats live among others. 

There only exist a few places in Perú where it is possible to observe so many aquatic birds at the height of the Andeas together: European coot, giant water pullets, flamingos, more than 10 species of ducks, the Andean long-billed wading bird, and the Andean gander goose among others.

The Junín Lake is characterized for having a great diversity of birds. Among them we can find Junin Flightless Grebes (Podiceps taczanowskii) one of the most important species of the lake, because they are endemic and in danger of extinction.  There are also 36 other species representing the Andean region, among them exist; the speckled teal (Anas flavirostris), the Yellow-Billed Pintail (Anas georgica), Anas Puna (Anas puna), the Andean Goose (Chloephaga melanoptera), the Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis), the Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus), the Andean Gull (Larus serranus), the Black-Crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax), the  Chilean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis), the Puna Ibis (Plegadis ridgwayi) and the Silvery Grebe (Podiceps occipitalis).

The most common mammal found in the Junín National Reserve is the wild guinea pig (Cavia tschuddii), which lives in the small islets of cattail and is the only guinea pig specie present in the reserve.

Other important mammal species which you can find among the outcropping of rocks are the Culpeo Fox (Pseudalopex culpaeus), the Hog-Nosed Skunk (Conepatus chinga) and the vizcacha (Lagidium peruanum). The Junín Lake also contains populations of frogs which are appreciated for their flesh, like: the Bufonidae (Bufo spinulosus) which lives along the shores of the lake. 

Among the fish exist the  Orestias elegans and O. empyraeus  and a type of catfish,  Pigydium oroyae.

The lake with it's adjacent areas show a variety of emerging and submerging plants which are composed of vegetable formations unique to the area. The predominate vegetation is represented by Poaceae distributed through shrub, like  the clematis (Calamagrostis sp.), the Fescue (Festuca sp.) and a type of Andean grass (Juncus andicola), which forms islets where species develop such as the California Brush  (Scirpus californicus).

Location
Junín Region. In the extreme south of the reserve.
How to get there
From La Oroya, head north on the highway until  Junín.
When to Go
Between April and November
Other close attractions 
Ondores, Santuario Histórico de Chacamarca, Junín, Carhuamayo.
Activities
Photograghy, observation of wild life.
Climate
Typical climate for the sierra.
Prices
Adult: dailyPEN 5,00 (in USD), for three days PEN 10,00 (in USD)
Child: daily PEN 1,5 (in USD), for three days PEN 4,00 (in USD)
 


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