The Huascarán National Park was established July 1, 1975, by
means of supreme law number 0622-75-AG. It has been
acknowledged as a
Natural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 1985 and the focal point
of a Biosphere Reserve in 1977.
This National Park virtually embraces all of the White
Cordillera, the highest tropical mountain range in the world,
located in the region of Ancash, in the provinces of Huaylas,
Yungay, Carhuaz, Huaraz, Recuay, Bolognesi, Pomabamba, Huari, Mariscal Luzuriaga
and Asunción. It extends across 340,000 hectares.
Within this park exists a richness of flora and fauna, as well as
beautifully snow covered landscapes. There are various peaks and
lagoons throughout the cordillera which are world renown for
their beauty; which has converted this mountainous region into an
international attraction. The snow covered Huascarán can be found
here, containing the highest peak of Perú and one of the greatest
peaks of the Americas with an altitude of 6,768 meters.
It presents with 7 zones of life which contain a wide spectrum of
microclimates, which gives a mosaic of diverse intimately
related types of vegetation. 779 species of high Andean flora have
been identified and distributed into 340 genus and 104 families.
Among this floral diversity, the family of the Bromeliaceae is
represented by the Puya (Puya raimondii), a specie which has
the greatest inflorescence in the world. There are also remains of
the Polylepis forests and the gramineous that conform to the
abundantly growing Puya.
Associated with this flower, there are numerous species of fauna
that still have not been sufficiently studied or put into inventory.
The preliminary data shows 112 bird species from 33
Among the mammals, they have detected 8 genus and more than 10
species. Among the threatened species, the following can be found;
the Pampas Cat (Oncifelis colocolo), the Andean Cat (Orailurus
jacobita), the Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus), the
Hippocamelus (Hippocamelus antisensis) and the vicuña (Vicugna
vicugna). Among birds, we have the Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus),
the torrent duck (Merganetta armata), and the Kiula (Tinamotis
pentlandii), among others.
From April to November the climate is dry and favorable for
taking walks, going climbing and hiking through the numerous trails.
The places most visited by tourists are the Chinancocha and Orconcocha
Lagoons ( Llanganuco Sector) and the nevado Pastoruri.
The principal object of the Huascarán National Park is to
protect the wild flora and fauna, the geological formations, the
archeological remains and the beautiful scenery of the Cordillera
Blanca, as well as promote and encourage the scientific
research of the natural resources and cultures. Also, they are
looking at contributing to increasing the quality of life of the
local people, through fostering the tourism which generates
Region of Ancash. Huaraz is 404 km to the northeast of Lima.
Yungay is 39 km to the north of Huaraz
How to ge there
The most popular buses which arrive at the reserve are
through Yungay and Pachacoto. The first is 39 km north
of Huaraz and the second is Pastoruri, located to the
south of Huaraz.
When to go
May through June
Flora and fauna, archaeological remains, rivers, lakes, glaciers,
mountains, anthropological findings
Observation of wild life, walking, climbing, and hiking
through the mountains, discovering the culture, and viewing
the picturesque routes.
The Cordillera climate depends on two major factors: the humid
winds and the resulting warmth from the Amazon valley, which
generate an enormous amount of rain during the months of
December to March; and a marked dry season between May and
October, with sunny days that reach 25° C and freezing
nights which reach 0° C.
There are no tourist services inside the park
Adult: daily PEN 5,00 (in
USD), for three days PEN 10,00 (in
Child: daily PEN 1,5 (in
USD), for three days PEN 4,00 (in