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  Peru : Park Guides : Huascaran

 

Huascaran National Park

   

The Huascarán National Park was established July 1, 1975, by means of supreme law number  0622-75-AG. It has been acknowledged as a Natural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 1985 and the focal point of a Biosphere Reserve in 1977.

This National Park virtually embraces all of the White Cordillera, the highest tropical mountain range in the world, located in the region of Ancash, in the provinces of  Huaylas, Yungay, Carhuaz, Huaraz, Recuay, Bolognesi, Pomabamba, Huari, Mariscal Luzuriaga and Asunción. It extends across 340,000 hectares.

Within this park exists a richness of flora and fauna, as well as beautifully snow covered landscapes. There are various peaks and lagoons throughout the cordillera which are world renown  for their beauty; which has converted this mountainous region into an international attraction. The snow covered Huascarán can be found here, containing the highest peak of Perú and one of the greatest peaks of the Americas with an altitude of 6,768 meters.

It presents with 7 zones of life which contain a wide spectrum of microclimates,  which gives a mosaic of diverse intimately related types of vegetation. 779 species of high Andean flora have been identified and distributed into 340 genus and 104 families.

Among this floral diversity, the family of the Bromeliaceae is represented by the Puya  (Puya raimondii), a specie which has the greatest inflorescence in the world. There are also remains of the Polylepis forests and the gramineous that conform to the abundantly growing Puya. 

Associated with this flower, there are numerous species of fauna that still have not been sufficiently studied or put into inventory. The preliminary data shows 112 bird species from 33 families.  

Among the mammals, they have detected 8 genus and more than 10 species. Among the threatened species, the following can be found; the Pampas Cat (Oncifelis colocolo), the Andean Cat (Orailurus jacobita), the Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus), the Hippocamelus (Hippocamelus antisensis) and the  vicuña (Vicugna vicugna). Among birds, we have the Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus), the torrent duck  (Merganetta armata),  and the Kiula (Tinamotis pentlandii), among others.

From April to November the climate is dry and favorable for taking walks, going climbing and hiking through the numerous trails. The places most visited by tourists are the Chinancocha and Orconcocha Lagoons ( Llanganuco Sector) and the nevado Pastoruri.

The principal object of the Huascarán National Park is to protect the wild flora and fauna, the geological formations, the archeological remains and the beautiful scenery of the Cordillera Blanca, as well as promote and  encourage the scientific research of the natural resources and cultures. Also, they are looking at contributing to increasing the quality of life of the local people, through fostering the tourism which generates socioeconomic benefits. 

Location
Region of Ancash. Huaraz is 404 km to the northeast of  Lima. Yungay is 39 km  to the north of Huaraz
How to ge there
The most popular buses which arrive at the reserve are through  Yungay and Pachacoto. The first is 39 km north of Huaraz and the second is Pastoruri,  located to the south of Huaraz.
When to go
May through June
Attractions
Flora and fauna, archaeological remains, rivers, lakes, glaciers, mountains, anthropological findings
Activities
Observation of wild life, walking, climbing, and hiking through the mountains, discovering the culture, and viewing the picturesque routes. 
The Climate
The Cordillera climate depends on two major factors: the humid winds and the resulting warmth from the Amazon valley, which generate an enormous amount of rain during the months of December to March; and a marked dry season between May and October, with sunny days that reach 25° C and freezing nights which reach 0° C.
Services
There are no tourist services inside the park
Prices
Adult: daily PEN 5,00 (in USD),  for three days PEN 10,00 (in USD)
Child: daily PEN 1,5 (in  USD), for three days PEN 4,00 (in USD)

 


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