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  Peru : Parks Guide : Bahuaja-Sonene


Bahuaja-Sonene National Park

Bahuaja-Sonene National Park

The Bahuaja - Sonene National park was established on the 17th of July in 1996 by means of Supreme Law #  012 - 96 - AG. It was created as a result of the territorial regulation carried out with the active participation of guild and social organizations, authorities, specialists and local communities from Madre de Dios and Puno.

This National Park is located in the Madre de Dios and Puno districts, in the provinces of Tambopata and Sandia, respectively. It includes a surface area of 53,705,325 hectares that correspond to the Pampas del Heath National Sanctuary and part of the Reserved Zone Tambopata-Candamo. Its name in the Ese'eja language is  one of the rivers whose river basins it protects: the Tambopata and Heath. It conforms a frontier area with the Madidi National Park in Bolivia.

This Park harbors intact populations of various species of threatened wild fauna such as the: giant river otter (Pteronura brasiliensis), bush dog or savannah dog (Speothos venaticus), the black caiman (Melanosuchus niger) and the harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja).

Just like in the Tambopata National reserve there is a diverse variety of birds and insects like butterflies, dragonflies and arboreal ants that exist.  It also protects the only existing sample in Peru of the denominated pampas or tropical humid savannas  and the respective wild fauna that are found in this ecosystem:  marsh deer (Blastocerus dichotomus) and the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), which are not found in any other region of the country.

The Heath river and its pampas are a unique ecosystem in Peru.  This river by itself not only gives access to the famous Heath Pampas, but it includes a grand extension of argillaceous terraces that seem to be associated to the colpas parrots and other animals. The pampas with approximately 8,000 hectares is pastureland that is flooded periodically and regenerates with occasional fires in the dry season.

The origin and age of the pampas are unknown, but its future is associated to the periodic fires. The pastureland that regenerates in the pampas that is unconsumed by fire, are of short periods of duration.

Among the principal objectives of the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park, is the conservation of the beautiful landscapes of the southern forest and protecting the only existing sample of the tropical humid savannas in Peru and its wild flora and fauna, especially the marsh deer and the maned wolf.

Puno and Madre de Dios.
From Puerto Maldonado navigating in the southern direction by way of the Tambopata River.
How to get there
From Puerto Maldonado (the city where you will find regular commercial flights from Lima and Cusco) it is necessary to ascend the Tambopata River by boat.
When to go
May to August
Rivers and streams, flora and fauna, picturesque route.
Trekking, flora and fauna observation, photography
It possesses a marked rainy season from December to March, although downpours are not rare at this time. In the months between May and August the temperatures are greater than 32° C.
Some inns in the zone exist with rustic accommodations that provide the necessary services to the tourist.
Adult: daily boarding 5,00 (in USD), for three days boarding 10,00 (in USD)
Children: daily boarding 1,5 (in USD), for three days boarding 4,00 (in USD)


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