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Sacsayhuaman


An Inca structure whose name in Quechua means "satisfied falcon." Located on a hill on the edge of Cusco, dominating the city, it stands 3,700 meters (12,200ft) above sea level. The tourist interest of these archaeological ruins resides in its archaeological and historical importance, and the extraordinary dimensions of its fortress of rocks, that motivate its visitors to question how it was built. One might ask how the rocks were moved or what type of tools were used. It was believed to have been a military fortress where the warriors trained. However, today there are doubts regarding this possibility since due to its structure it could have had a religious purpose and have been constructed as a grand temple for the Sun God.

Its major characteristic is the form in which it was constructed; with large blocks of rock, reaching as high as 9 meters (29.7 ft) that were transported 7 kilometers (4.3miles) to this location. It is known that its construction took approximately 50 years beginning in the Inka Yupanqui era. The Spanish chronicler Ciesa de Leon referred to this area north of Cuzco as "La Real Casa del Sol" (the Real House of the Sun"), and that it was constructed by 20,000 men. The specific type of architecture is known as Cyclopean. Every year in June at this location they celebrate the festival of Inti Raymi.

Currently, the remnants remain of 3 staircase walls of limestone rock of sedimentary origin, in fossilized form. The area is also now divided into different sectors: Sacsayhuman, Rodadero, Trono del Inka (Throne of the Inca), Warmi K'ajchana, Baño del Inka (Inca Baths), Amphitheatres, Chincana, Bases de Torreones, among others.  

Area
Near Cuzco
Location
2 km (1.2miles) north of Cuzco
When to go
During the dry season from August to December.
Attractions
Rodadero, Trono del Inca.
How to get there
In order to get here you should utilize the paved road that links Cuzco with the Sagrado de los Incas Valley. Also you can use the pedestrian walk way.
Activities
Photography, hiking, culture, and archaeology.
Services
Guides.
Surroundings
Cuzco, Qenqo, Puku Pukara, Tambo Machay.


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