This is one of the most historically significant areas in the history of Peru. Its origins date back to the Pre-Incan age. The valley was the center of the Caxamarca culture, which was responsible for tremendous growth in the area between 500 and 1000 A.D. Located 2,720 meters (8,976 ft) above sea level, with a temperate and rainy climate in the summer (November-April), the incorporation of these territories to the Tahuantinsuyo Empire was carried out during the Incan government of Pachacutec, until 1465, in order to become an administrative, military, and religious center of great importance. During this period of time, temples and palaces were constructed, which now remain in ruins, one in particular known as Cuarto del Rescate (the room of Rescate). Cajamarca, because of its favorable climate and hot springs, was a favored spot among the Incas to relax. Cajamarca was taken over on November 16, 1532, marking one of the most important events in the history of the Americas.
Here you can find the second most important gold mine on the Latin American continent: Yanacocha. The mine, whose operations began in July of 1993, is located 40 kilometers (25 miles) north of the city. Also worth visiting is Cutervo, the oldest national park in Peru, covering 2,500 hectares (6,200 acres). The park is located in Cordillera de Tarros, in the eastern section of the department. The area is home to hundreds of species of flora and fauna, and is best known for its birds that nest in the grottos and caves.
Other places of interest to visit are the Cerro Santa Apolonia, overlooking the city; Forest Park of Aylambo; Hot Springs Center in the baths of the Incas and of Yumagual, and the viceregal monuments: Belen and the Santa Catalina Cathedral.
Norandinian region of Perú.
When to go
Year-round. The months of preference are from April to October.
Archaeology and culture.
How to get there
By bus, or plane from Lima.
Specialized and qualified services available.